Delta Not Directly Affected by Dakota Access Pipeline
By Madison Gomez
Delta Digital News Service
JONESBORO — The Dakota Access Pipeline has grabbed headlines for months with concerns on environmental and cultural impact.
Energy Transfer Partners received an easement that will push along the completion of the Dakota Access Pipeline. The 1,172-mile long, underground pipeline starts in North Dakota and runs through three other states. The pipeline will be the only fully functioning pipeline among eight other underground pipelines that run under Lake Oahe in South Dakota.
The Dakota Access Pipeline will transport crude oil to different refining markets. President Trump issued a memo to push forward the pipeline’s progress, which is subject to terms negotiated by the United States. While the pipeline will help create jobs and bring money into investments, potential problems could arise. The pipeline has brought a lot of controversy with protests from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe over the desecration of burial sites and potential water contamination.
Another problem arises from potential contamination due to a spill or leak. That experience occurred in Mayflower, Arkansas in 2013, when an oil spill pushed people out of homes and got into waterways. Such an effect to the Delta seems unlikely.
“I do not foresee any direct problems from a Dakota Access pipeline unless it gets into the Mississippi River,” said Richard Grippo, professor of environmental biology at Arkansas State University. “This may cause transportation problems that could possibly affect the Delta Region.”
Joseph Richmond, an instructor of disaster preparedness at A-State, agreed.
“I don’t really see this being an issue that could affect this part of Arkansas,” Richmond said.
The underground pipeline does seem to have some effect on this issue, according to Jerry Farris, a distinguished professor of environmental biology.
“Pipelines below ground would certainly impact the ways in which product would be mobilized or contained in the event of a spill,” Farris said. “That is also largely impacted by proximity to vulnerable resources, geology and climate conditions at the time of and following the spill.”
Though the Delta region might not see any effects, other issues are at play with the pipeline.
“It seems that the environmental and cultural impacts of the pipeline have not been fully evaluated and taken into consideration when planning the routing of the pipeline,” Grippo said. “They definitely need to reroute around Native American lands.”
Protesters from both the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and other concerned people evacuated the area Feb. 23.